Camping trips are always a whole lot of fun during the day time when campers are out on the trails backpacking, playing guitar at their base camp or any of the other fun things campers can do out in the backcountry. Then when night falls, the camping trip can be ruined by campers who don’t prepare with the right camping gear for a good night’s sleep. For one or two nights sleeping directly on the tent floor with nothing but a sleeping bag is tolerable and perhaps even enjoyable as a marked change from the comfy bed at home. After more than a few nights campers might start to experience back problems or a loss of sleep that could sabotage their ability to enjoy the outdoor activities that define camping trips or their ability to profit from the sleeping benefits camping can provide.
Camping cots and air mattresses can remedy this problem readily, but there are some factors to consider before you can decide whether a camping cot or an air mattress is the best choice for you. There are some problems that can arise from prolonged sleeping directly on a hard surface such as a tent floor, especially for side sleepers. Camping gear such as a sleeping pad or foam pad can help prevent such pain, but the surest way to make sure you can stand a long trial of campsite sleeping is to pack an air mattress or camping cot with the rest of your camping gear.
An air mattress has some qualities that might affect campers’ willingness to bring one along on a camping trip. Even with an air pump or a self-inflating air mattress, it will take some amount of time to inflate it and deflate it at the end of the trip. If it inflates with a pump, having a source for electricity at the campsite will be necessary. Ensuring an inflatable mattress has the correct amount of air inside is essential to making sure you don’t sink into it, which could allow your spine to curve and cause soreness in your joints in the morning.
Camping cots are better-suited for low-tech campers who still want to be comfy during the night. They still take some time to assemble, of course, but they won’t put you out of breath. Foam pads can be paired with camping cots a little more comfortably than with air mattresses, as could additional camping gear for lying comfort such as memory foam or an inflatable pad. A tent cot will have aluminum frames or some sort of similar structure that needs to be assembled. However, in terms of heat loss, camping cots put some distance between campers and the tent floor, which should preserve some warmth for them.
There are many pros and cons to both camping cots and air mattresses, but once you have an idea about each piece of camping gear, you’ll be able to tell which one suits your needs better. Read through our guide comparing camping cots and air mattresses so you can decide on the piece of camping gear that will get you the good night’s sleep you need to be energized all day long on your next camping trip.
Note: Looking for the best air mattress on the market? Browse the best air mattresses for camping here.
What about just sleeping on the tent floor?
There are some practical reasons and some health reasons why sleeping with nothing between you and the ground but a sleeping bag and the tent floor will likely be unpleasant if attempted over an extended period of time. Sure, campers often have the construct of a hard-scrabble rugged outdoorsman in their mind and sleeping on the ground might play into that perception. Trust that your camping trip will be much more enjoyable when that stereotype fades and you can concentrate on doing what you want to be happy with your fellow campers. Sleeping on a camping cot or an air mattress doesn’t take that much additional effort and it will greatly improve your sleep.
The human spine suffers various effects from sleeping habits over our lifetime. While to some extent it is unavoidable, there are things you can do to avoid chronic back pain and stay fit enough for hiking, biking, and backpacking. For one thing, sleeping directly on the tent floor can lead to a compressed joint over time. If this continues, then the muscles and ligaments and nerve functions can be affected. Soft tissues around the joint can compress as well, potentially causing bruising and pinched nerves. Side-sleepers are even more at risk, as their spine will not be in a straight position and their hips can bruise from sleeping too long on one side.
On a practical note, heat retention is much more difficult when you sleep directly on the ground. Heat loss will plague you and there’s no way you’ll be able to get a good night’s sleep. It might seem that sleeping up off the floor on a camping cot would expose the underside to cold air, but in fact, it’s the ground that will lead to the most heat loss. Foam pads and a high-quality sleeping bag can lessen the effects, but the best way to prevent heat loss while you sleep at a campsite is to get up off the tent floor with a camping cot or an air mattress.
Camping cot advantages
If pitching a tent doesn’t intimidate you, then assembling a camping cot will be a cinch. The aluminum frames of most camping cots are fairly lightweight and the body fabric is rugged enough. The best tent cot will get you up off the tent floor completely, preventing heat loss to the cold ground. Another advantage of being up off the tent floor is that space underneath you can be used to store camping gear or other supplies. Many major tent cot manufacturers such as Therm-A-Rest include gear storage pouches on their camping cots as well. Since the aluminum frames are mostly extremely easy to collapse, a tent cot can generally be folded up or stored on its side so campers can use the space in their tent for other activities, which should be nice for those out in the backcountry in the wintertime.
Camping cots are often better for the spine than other methods of campsite sleeping. Since the body is generally firmer and there is more ergonomic design in a camping cot than other camping gear designed for sleeping, camping cots often give a good night’s sleep and plenty of replenished energy for the next day’s outdoor activity. As many elder campers know, it is literally easier to rise and shine with a camping cot, as getting up from lying down directly on the tent floor can be difficult. Some common models of camping cots, such as the Teton Sports 120 Outfitter XXL, come with a carry case and are specifically designed to fit foam sleeping pads designed by their manufacturers. Teton Sports has several sleeping pads and foam mattresses that can sit atop a camping cot.
One pro tip lots of campers don’t think of is the ability to combine many pieces of outdoor gear for maximum benefit. For example, rather than packing a large tent and placing a camping cot inside, campers can stack a solo-camper tent on top of a camping cot and place an air mattress or sleeping pad inside for maximum comfort and some distance between the ground and the entire tent. This gets rid of the need for a tarp or tent footprint and avoids sticks, rocks, and insects on the ground. The tent floor will be saved from abrasions and last longer this way. Heat loss will be minimized; with the right sleeping bag that will retain body heat, solo campers can be snug and comfy in a setup like this using a camping cot.
Another obvious advantage of camping cots is their durability. The aluminum frames can take some damage from general wear and tear or from transportation. The canvas bottom of the sleeping cot is usually waterproof and designed to last a long time. Plus, there’s no risk of punctures, deflation, or a malfunction in the self-inflating mechanisms that other campsite sleeping equipment might face. As long as the canvas is protected to prevent any large holes from forming, camping cots are usually able to last for years and won’t face any issues if stored properly.
Air mattress advantages
At this point, it might seem like camping cots are superior to air mattresses in every way, especially since campers can simply add an air mattress to a camping cot and get the best of both worlds. Withhold a final judgment for now, because there are plenty of situations where an air mattress alone is more beneficial than a camping cot. For alternatives to classic tent camping trips, for example, air mattresses are fantastic options. Campers who enjoy car-camping in a truck bed or the back of a van probably don’t need to bother setting up anything more than an air mattress. Plus, the availability of electricity in the car usually means self-inflating mattresses are super-easy to set up. Car campers can also bring extra blankets along to keep in body heat and prevent heat loss.
Campers who are out in the backcountry in a large group and are testing the capacity limit of their tent would probably do well to stick to air mattresses as well since they generally take up much less space. Ultralight backpackers generally prefer to only bring a sleeping pad or an air mattress because they are so much more lightweight and portable than camping cots. It’s also possible to combine a foam mattress and an air mattress if you’re creative with them. A sleeping bag with plenty of insulation will keep body heat in and cold out in average environments, although campers going to subzero temperatures and facing snow will probably want as much warmth as they can get.
It might look a little bizarre if you lug an entire camping cot in and out of a tent to use as a sitting place at the campsite or around the campfire, but an air mattress is easily maneuvered and placed on existing rocks or logs to make a comfy seat. Some campers also invest in a closed-cell foam mattress pad to couple with their inflatable mattress for a really comfy campsite rest. The closed-cell foam and also be used as a seat, for heat deflection in warmer climates, as a cooler liner, or as a yoga mat for those yogi and yogini campers.
Who makes the best camping cots?
If your camping trip calls for extra storage space or you enjoy the added protection from heat loss gained from sleeping on a camping cot, many of the most well-known outdoor gear manufacturers also offer solid camping cots with lots of neat design features. It should be no surprise that Coleman is in the market, alongside Therm-A-Rest and Teton Sports Outfitters, who we’ve already mentioned once. Cabelas camping cots are very lightweight and durable generally speaking. REI Co-op has a fairly wide variety of camping cots with what is arguably top-of-the-line ergonomic design for a good night’s sleep. ALPS has a mountaineering camp cot available, and at least Coleman, Therm-A-Rest, REI Co-op, ALPS, and Big Agnes have closed-cell foam mattresses available as well. It’s a wide market, but the usual suspects make the best camping cots.
Who makes the best air mattresses?
Coleman is unsurprisingly once again a mainstay in the camping air mattress market, as it so often is with so many outdoor gear categories. They make every iteration from air mattresses with electric pumps to hand pumps and self-inflating mattresses. That’s not to say Coleman has the market cornered, though. Therm-A-Rest, REI Co-op, Cabela’s, and ALPS have their own competing models, while Teton Sports has an inflatable sleeping pad available. Many have queen size models available for couples or campers who just like to have the extra space to spread out at night. There are also some ultralight versions that deflate and pack down to a super-small size for maximum portability.
It’s difficult to say absolutely and without reserve that either a camping cot or a camping mattress will suit every single camper in any camping situation. Everything depends on the personal preference of the camper and the specific camping trip they’re undertaking. Mountaineering adventures aren’t usually as enjoyable with tons of gear along, so in that case, an ultralight air mattress or even just closed-cell foam pad would do just fine. Solo camping trips into the backcountry that are planned to last longer than a few days are probably much better spent with a camping cot along, especially in colder weather where heat loss through the ground can be a huge problem. Car camping can go either way, with some gearheads preferring to take a sleeping cot, air mattress, and sleeping pad along to combine them, since there isn’t much carrying required. Then again, some car campers prefer to just take an air mattress and some extra blankets.
In terms of comfort, the surest way to ensure a good night’s sleep at a campsite is to try and have a camping cot along that’s tricked out with a nice air mattress and perhaps even a foam pad. A well-designed sleeping bag is a must-have in any case and all of these things combined will make for a very happy camper. Overall, the most important thing to remember is that when you’re out camping destroying your spine trying to be a hardened outdoorsman and sleeping on the tent floor with nothing but a sleeping bag is not going to impress anyone and is more likely to hinder your ability to participate in far more beneficial pursuits like hiking, climbing, and swimming. Individual taste and body types are likely to benefit from camping cots and air mattresses in different ways. Age is likely to be a factor, not only because of general bone and joint decay but also because getting up from the tent floor isn’t always feasible for elder campers.
Even though it is hard to make a blanket statement that will apply to all campers, it’s not so hard to decide for yourself whether you prefer a camping cot or an air mattress. Now that you’ve read through this guide, you should have some idea about all of the various considerations you need to make for yourself. Either option should greatly improve your rest and energy levels on your next camping trip, so make sure to pack your camping cot or air mattress on your next camping trip so you can have a good night’s sleep in the great outdoors.
Bonus tip: Check out these tips for how to stay warm at the campsite in the winter!
How The Annual REI Dividend Works
What is the REI Dividend?
The dividend is a sum of money that is awarded back to REI co-op members every year. The amount of money is based on two primary factors: a percentage of all eligible purchases made by a member and any rewards they accrued on their REI Mastercard during the previous year. You can think of it a bit like a tax return and purchasing points on your credit card — only instead of frustrating points, it’s just money. You can also get any unused amount of the previous year’s dividend added onto the next one, but this isn’t always the case.
REI is short for Recreational Equipment Incorporated, an American company that offers outdoor gear, as well as courses and vacation options.
If you aren’t familiar with their brand, they are known for having high quality and ranked highly in the review of the top tent brands on the market.
What sets it apart from other outdoor retailing competitors is that it follows the co-op business model. That means they offer a wide range of perks to their members, one of the most unique of which is their annual dividend. Since this is such an unusual benefit to the company, understanding the ins and outs can be difficult. So, here are some answers to many of the FAQs people have when talking about the REI annual dividend program.
How do you earn the dividend?
First of all, only REI co-op memberships can earn a dividend. The good news is that being a member of the REI co-op is both inexpensive and easy. To become an REI member, all you have to do is go here and sign up for a lifetime membership. The upfront, one-time membership fee is only 20$, and there isn’t even an annual fee to keep your membership. However, only members that are considered active receive a dividend notice.
To be an active member of REI, all you have to do is spend at least 10$ merchandise in a year, unless it is the year that you first sign up. If you ever lose active status, getting it back is as easy as to resume making REI purchases.
REI Members earn toward their annual dividend by making eligible purchases. Almost any merchandise you buy directly through REI is considered eligible as long as you are purchasing full-price items. This includes the physical REI stores or through REI.com. One notable exception is that gift cards do not count toward your REI dividend. However, when you use a gift card to make purchases, that can be considered eligible as long as it otherwise would be.
The percentage that goes back into your dividend varies depending on how well the company did financially the previous year, but it tends to be around 10%. The calculation is made based on the product price alone, so sales tax and any other fees such as postage are not counted.
Unfortunately, none of REI’s experience purchases are considered eligible. This means that classes, special events, and the popular REI Adventures don’t get counted into your annual dividend. Service charges don’t count either, so rentals and labor fees are not factored into the dividend. The initial membership fee also is not eligible.
Any returns you make are removed from your dividend amount in the final calculation, and if it has already been calculated, then the dividend amount counts against the return amount you would receive.
You can also receive a retroactive addition to your dividend based on eligible purchases you made at other retailers on REI merchandise, as long as it was in the same year. For example, if you bought backpacking equipment from Amazon that was the REI brand, then you can get that counted. You’ll just need to have your receipt handy to answer some information about the purchase. You cannot get retroactive additions to your annual dividend if the purchase was made before you became an REI member, though.
There is a slight workaround with the discounted merchandise, though. Members can receive an REI co-op Mastercard. As mentioned earlier, this has a built-in rewards system. One such reward is that when you use the REI credit card to purchase sale items, then you receive a 5% kickback into your dividend. It’s a much lower percentage than what you would expect to receive from a normal eligible purchase. However, savvy shoppers will be able to notice when the reduced pricing and smaller kickback turns out to be a better long-term value.
When would I receive my REI dividend?
If you’re an REI member and have a balance, you’ll receive a dividend notice in March of the next year. All purchases you make from January 1st to December 31st are considered part of the same annual sum and will be available until January of two years later. So, if you made purchases throughout 2020, you’ll be able to use your dividend from them starting March 2021, and you’ll have the money available to you until you either spend it all or until the first day of 2023. This, however, is only the case if you don’t accrue any more dividends. Assuming you constantly make enough eligible purchases and spend roughly however much you earn from the program each year, your dividend balance should never expire.
So what can I do with the dividend?
This question is best answered with another question: “How do you want to spend your money?” For anyone who has ever been frustrated with trying to redeem credit card points or dealing with the restrictions of store credit, you are going to be blown away by the range of options REI gives you when it comes to your member dividend.
Use the dividend as store credit
The most basic option available to you is to use your dividend like store credit. If you can find it on the REI website, then you can buy it with your store credit. If your dividend balance doesn’t completely cover the total price of your purchases at checkout, don’t worry. It will still get deducted from the price and you’ll only have to pay for whatever is leftover.
If you’re near one of their physical REI stores, then you’ll be able to use your dividend to directly buy available outlet items from their stores. Your dividend works at every REI store location, so you won’t have to worry about not being able to access it if you’re shopping far from home. Just be sure to have your co-op member number ready.
Even though buying them doesn’t sound toward your dividend, you can put your earnings on it toward booking an REI Adventure. If you’re a hardcore outdoors enthusiast, then you might be able to generate enough of a dividend to book a trip to a national park at no out-of-pocket expense.
If you aren’t quite that adventurous but still would like a fun experience, then look at spending your dividend on one of the many REI classes. There is something to learn for everyone. From riding a bike to navigating the backcountry, the basics of rock climbing to dozens of stewardship opportunities, it’d be hard not to spend part of your dividend on enriching yourself with the REI classes.
You can also download the REI mobile apps. These make it even easier to shop with REI in general, but they can streamline the process of using your dividend in the online store.
Receive the dividend as a check
If you’d rather take the money that REI has awarded to you elsewhere, then you can request to have your dividend amount in the form of a check.
There are a couple of ways to go about getting the check. The most direct way is to go to a physical REI outlet once you have received a notice of a dividend balance. If you are not anywhere near an REI store, don’t worry. You can have your check mailed to you directly by filling out their request form. Once you have the form filled out, REI will have that information in their database and can mail you the check every year without any extra work from you, should you want that
The check can only be issued to the name of the primary membership cardholder. REI does not send out checks if your annual dividend does not exceed 25$, and they do not send out a check for the REI Mastercard holder reward amount that does not exceed 1$. You can request the check whenever is convenient, but they do not begin mailing them out until July 1st.
You don’t have to receive the whole dividend as a check. You can go ahead and spend part of it as store credit on the online store. Then, whatever amount that is leftover, you can have it sent as a check. As long as all the other requirements have been met, of course. Also, if you attempt to use any of your dividend between the time of the check being sent out and you receiving the check, then it could result in either the check being void, or you being unable to use your dividend funds at all.
If for some reason you don’t want to use the online check request form, you can also make the request over the phone or by contacting them by mail.
Get the dividend in cash
No, that’s not a joke, and there aren’t any strings attached. You can receive your annual REI dividend, in full, as cash. There are a few hoops you have to jump through, but none of them are fine print details that are going to keep you from turning your dividend sum into cash and doing whatever you want with it.
First of all, you can’t convert your dividend into cash after July 1st of the year after you earned the dividend. This is similar to the check option. Unlike the check, there is a cut-off point at the beginning of the next calendar year, so if you wait too long then your dividend can’t be turned into cash.
This option can only be done through a physical REI store, so if you don’t live near one then you will probably have to settle for the check option. If you plan on going to a store to get your dividend as cash, it would be a good idea to call them ahead of time and try to make an arrangement. REI stores only have so much free cash on hand.
If you don’t call ahead, you might run into a situation where the store does not have enough cash to equal the dividend balance you should receive. In these cases, co-op members are given the option to receive the check. For some, that is a fine alternative, but people dead-set on getting cash should be aware of this.
One other thing to note is that the cash option is based on a specific year’s balance. This means, like the check option, if you spend any of your dividend funds as credit first, that would result in you receiving less cash in the end. Also, unlike the store credit option, you can’t compound years together. Since the years have cutoff dates that line up to where there is never an overlapping period between them, you’ll only be able to get your cash balance one year at a time, rather than building it across up to 3 years.
Can I check my dividend balance?
Yes! At any point, you can go to REI.com, and enter the name on your membership card along with your member number, and they will be able to tell you the dividend balance. This is not updated in real-time, so if you have been roughly keeping track and the amount looks odd when you check it, don’t worry. Most likely, it is just in the middle of being exactly calculated by members of the REI team.
Is the annual dividend the only benefit of Coop Membership?
Not at all! You’ve already read a bit about the REI Coop Mastercard and its reward system. You get 5% back with any REI purchases, 2% back through mobile transactions, and 1% everywhere else. This is all factored into your annual dividend along with all the usual 10% kickback from buying normal priced items. This means that anything you use the card on, even bills and groceries, is factored into your dividend.
Members get access to special pricing on certain items through REI. These are usually on things like classes and tours, as well as rentals on any outdoor equipment. This can be frustrating since the specially priced experiences aren’t dividend eligible purchases. Though, with dividend earnings and special pricing, it is easy to earn enough to pick up enough to pay for a class or two.
Members-only events are probably the second-best part of being a member after the dividend. Some of the most popular of these events are new member-exclusive hiking trips or member gatherings to try out local brews. Without a doubt, Garage Sales are the star of members-only events.
The REI Garage Sales are hosted at REI outlet stores every so often. The merchandise of the Sales is made up of returns and other used goods, and come at a heavily discounted price. The products are as-is, and cannot be accepted for returns as of their return policy. Since the merchandise is on a case-by-case basis with the outlets, REI cannot guarantee specific inventory. All Garage Sales operate on a first-come, first-serve basis. Garage Sale purchases cannot be put toward your annual dividend unless they are purchased with the members’ Mastercard. Though, the products are usually so aggressively marked down that it usually makes up for it. Plus, the Garage Sale merchandise is evaluated beforehand to assure that there are no major issues with it, so you don’t have to worry about the quality with the low prices.
The annual dividend is a unique benefit of being a member of REI’s coop. It saves the frustration associated with other rewards programs by just allowing the members to claim a monetary incentive. It is both pleasantly simple, offers multiple options to use your dividend as you see fit, and a great tool for people that love to maximize value in their shopping.
There are some ins and outs with the membership program to remember how to get the most out of the dividend. Though, remembering these details is more of a bonus than a requirement to earn on the dividend properly, unlike other rewards programs. On top of all that, you get several more awesome benefits for a single 20$ purchase.
Bonus tip: Here’s a video from REI talking about the essential items for backpacking, which are available on their website:
Learn How To Identify 12 Types Of Trees
Tree species are such a common form of plant life that they often go unnoticed in our daily lives. Generally speaking, as they don’t have finite lifespans, trees live much longer than other plant life. Some tree species can even live for thousands of years. Trees are no stranger to our planet — they have been around for nearly 370 years. Currently, planet Earth is home to more than 60,000 types of trees that play a vital role in the life we know and enjoy.
One of the first things children learn about in school is how common trees supply us with the oxygen we need to breathe. Our survival depends on plant life around the world continuing to thrive, including underwater vegetation, grasslands, and the approximate 3 trillion types of trees which currently grow on our planet. Learning how to identify tree species can be an important skill, similar to knowing how to start a campfire when it comes to outdoor survival.
Throughout this article, we’re going to clarify and define what exactly a tree is and introduce you to the different categories that common trees fall under. We’ll also take a closer look at the most common types of trees that you’ll most likely come across, and explain how you can identify them correctly. Different types of trees have different types of leaves and bark that are characteristics of certain tree species. If you can spot the differences, then you’re a step closer in your quest of becoming a tree identification master. Now, let’s begin by differentiating between the two primary types of trees: deciduous trees and evergreen trees.
What defines a common tree?
In botany (the study of plants), trees are defined as perennial plants with an elongated trunk or stem which supports leaves and branches. (Perennial plants live for multiple years, as opposed to annual plants which have a life-cycle of only one season.) However, this is a slightly limited definition, as the term “tree” can be extended to include any woody plant with branches and a trunk that grows significantly taller than the plants around it.
Tree branches are supported by a large and strong trunk, which extends underground. Beneath, the trunk extends into widely-spread roots which collect nutrients and moisture and provide support to the tree species above ground. The branches which extend from the top of the trunk divide into smaller shoots, which spread to produce leaves. Leaves collect sunlight, converting it into energy via photosynthesis, in order to feed and grow.
The trunk of a common tree is the strongest part, made from a woody tissue that supports the weight of the canopy. Tree trunks also contain vascular tissue, which carries nutrients from one part of the plant to another. Most types of trees also have a layer of bark around the trunk that acts as a protective shield. Although these are the general characteristics that fit every type of tree, tree species vary.
There are two primary categorizations that all tree species fit into. The difference between these two categories is the first thing you need to spot in order to properly identify common trees. Most people already recognize the distinction between these different types of trees, but we’ll still go into detail about how you can identify them. Read on to discover which types of trees lose their leaves, and which tree species remain green all year round.
Deciduous Trees Vs. Coniferous Trees
Every single one of the thousands of tree species found on our planet fits into one of these two categories: coniferous trees (evergreen trees) or deciduous trees. Deciduous trees lose their broad leaves at a specific time of the year, typically fall or autumn. The word ‘deciduous’ literally means “to fall off at maturity”. As such, the leaves of these trees have an annual life cycle. In the spring, new leaves grow and quickly mature into broad leaves, green in color. Over time, they slowly change color leading to the wonderful fall color palette we all recognize and love, before falling to the moist soil.
This is the case with the most common trees in North America, Europe, and other countries with a mild climate. In hotter tropical countries, deciduous trees lose their greenery during the dry season. Once the leaves have fallen, these trees remain bare wood skeletons until new leaf shoots begin to grow in the spring. Most deciduous trees are broadleaf, with wide, flat, green leaves.
Coniferous trees, otherwise known as evergreen trees, keep their leaves all year round. No matter the season, evergreen trees are unchanging in appearance. This type of tree often has needle-shaped leaves, which withstand the cold temperatures better than more delicate broadleaf types of trees. Evergreen tree landscapes are especially stunning in the winter months when all other plant life looks dead.
Tree Identification: Basic Leaf Types
There are three different types of leaves that evergreen trees and deciduous trees can have. Broadleaves is a wide term that encompasses leaves of all shapes and sizes — so long as they are flat. Almost all deciduous trees have broad leaves: they can be oval, round, heart-shaped, and much more. The maple leaf of the red maple tree is an iconic shape that we all know. The term ‘Broadleaves’ encompasses much more than just common tree species, it also includes a huge range of different plant life.
Most people will recognize common tree needles thanks to Christmas trees — many evergreen trees feature this shape. Common tree needles are long and thin and typically grow together in clusters or sparsely depending on the tree species. Evergreen trees lose their needles over time, however, this process doesn’t happen all at once as is usually the case with deciduous trees. Instead, the needles are lost and replaced gradually; similar to how humans lose hair. The third category of leaves that some coniferous trees exhibit is scale-like leaves. We see these on common trees such as Juniper trees and cedar trees, where the needles resemble the scales of a reptile.
12 Common Types of Trees and How To Identify Them
Tree Species: Maple Trees
Maple trees are a common tree species found across Europe, North America, and Asia. They belong to the genus Acer family and are commonly associated with Canada — just look at the maple leaf on the Canadian flag. There are more than one hundred species of maple trees, the most common in Europe being the sycamore maple tree. Red maple, sugar maple, and silver maple are also common tree species you’ll commonly see in the countryside. Japanese maple trees are a common choice for bonsai where a small tree is groomed and maintained to resemble a miniature replica.
Maple trees are famous for the sweet syrup made from their sap, which is a big reason why maple trees are often farmed in North America. Maple trees are a hardwood tree species. Its timber is often used to make baseball bats and musical instruments. The easiest way to identify a maple tree is by its distinct leaf shape, which is the same across all maple tree species. Maple trees can be small trees, reaching only 10 meters in height, or large trees more than 40 meters tall.
Tree Species: Oak Trees
Oak trees are one of the most common tree families across the world; their wood is very hard and durable and resistant to most diseases. Oak trees come from the genus Quercus of which there are over 90 different species in the United States alone. They have been one of the most prized trees for building material for centuries, and are used in all kinds of industries, including musical instrument production. As there are more than 300 known oak tree species globally, when it comes to tree identification, it helps to break them down into further categories.
White oaks feature round broad leaves and produce sweet acorns that take a year to mature. Black (or red) oak trees have bristles on their leaves and produce bitter-tasting acorns. The acorns from a red oak take two years to mature and are referred to as biennial oak trees. By identifying the maturity of the acorns on an oak tree, you can tell which type of oak tree it is. Most oak tree species are deciduous tree species, however, there are a handful of evergreen oak trees. The easiest way to identify an oak tree is by its acorns — all oak trees carry this fruit. The leaves of oak trees are lobed, with either rounded or pointed tips.
Tree Species: Sycamore Trees
Try not to get the sycamore maple confused with true sycamore trees — they’re only related by name. The sycamore is a large hardwood tree in the genus Platanus and is a deciduous tree species by nature. The wood from these trees is incredibly hard and dense, and therefore it’s not commonly used as a building material. Sycamores can grow up to 40 meters and are one of the easiest types of trees to identify when it comes to tree identification.
You can spot a sycamore tree by examining its bark. Don’t be misled by its leaves, which look similar to a maple leaf tree species. Instead, look at the color of the trunk. True sycamore trees have flaky bark which gives the trunk a red and brown multi-colored appearance, often featuring patches of white and grey. The Sycamore is a broadleaf tree species. You can identify them by their leaves which have three to five lobes with toothed edges.
Tree Species: Pine Trees
Pine trees are another common tree found all around the world. This evergreen tree family of the genus Pinus is probably the most easily recognizable coniferous tree species in the world. The pine tree is a common ornamental tree with softwood. Pine tree leaves consist of clusters of green needles. This tree species is also easily identifiable by its hard cones, often referred to as pine cones. White pine and red pine are two common trees of this tree species and can be found throughout Canada, the United States (North America in general), and Europe.
Pine trees are amongst the easiest tree species when it comes to tree identification. Pine trees are generally large trees that stand straight with needles that are mostly concentrated towards the top. Some species of pine trees can even grow up to 81 meters tall — they do it quickly, too. As pine trees grow into large trees so quickly, they’re incredibly useful when it comes to construction and furniture production. The softwood of the pine tree is easy to work with and features an attractive grain.
Tree Species: Fir Trees
Fir trees, such as the balsam fir, Fraser fir, and noble fir, are all popular festive choices. This evergreen tree family is of the genus Abies and contains approximately 50 different species of tree. Fir trees are closely related to the genus Cedrus, or cedar trees. Fir trees have a much denser needle distribution than pine trees, giving them a fuller and greener appearance.
Fir needles are soft and flat and tend to have two white stripes at the bottom of each needle. As they grow, fir tree cones tend to be green, purple, or blue and turn a golden brown as the tree matures. You can easily spot a fir tree as its cones grow upwards, whereas other coniferous trees have downward-pointing cones.
Tree Species: Elm Trees
Elm trees are a common tree found mostly in forests and can be classed as either deciduous or semi-deciduous. There are about 35 different types of tree species within the Ulmus genus, including the American elm and the European elm. Elm trees are another ornamental tree species that are not generally appreciated for their wood or fruit. Elms are hardwood trees and therefore difficult to work with as a building material.
You can identify an elm tree by its leaves, which are technically classed as broadleaf. There is quite a range of different leaves that grow on elm tree species, but they all have the same pointed oval shape. Elm tree leaves range between 7 and 16 cm long. Unfortunately, a pandemic of Dutch Elm tree disease wiped many elm trees from our streets and forests. However, conservation efforts are well on their way and the American Elm tree species is in revival.
Tree Species: Willow Trees
Willow trees have some of the most distinctive shapes out of any tree in the world; their long drooping branches have a dramatic and striking appearance. There are approximately 400 species of willow trees and they are all deciduous trees. Willow trees can be small tree-like shrubs or grow to be medium-height. Willow tree leaves are always elongated ovals, but their color varies between species. Black willow trees feature dark, furrowed bark.
Willow tree leaves can be green, yellow, or blue in hue, making these breathtaking trees even more beautiful. The wood from willow trees can be used to make wicker baskets and similar items, due to their long, soft, and flexible branches. Willow trees are arguably the easiest tree species to identify, as no other type of tree has anything comparable to its low sweeping branches. When temperatures drop in the fall, willow trees are among the last to lose their leaves.
Tree Species: Magnolia Trees
When people choose a tree to plant in their garden, Magnolias are an obvious choice. The Magnolia family contains both deciduous trees and evergreen types of trees, which can grow in a huge range of environments. These trees produce large fragrant flowers and cones of fruit that look like berries. In terms of tree identification, all types of the Magnolia tree are broadleaf.
Magnolias are medium-sized trees, they grow fast and have softwood. As there’s quite a large variation in leaf size and shape in magnolias, the easiest way to identify this tree species is by the fruit. As their cone-shaped seed pods are unique in comparison to other types of trees, if you can spot these, you’ll know if your tree is a part of the magnolia family.
Tree Species: Birch Trees
Birch trees, of the genus Betula, are a type of tree family containing about 60 species of hardwood trees. Often, the wood from birch trees is used as firewood or for making furniture. Birch tree bark is papery, often white or silver in color, and is its most identifiable feature. The branches of birch trees are long, and droop slightly, holding small, thin, triangular leaves. Oil extracted from birch trees can be used in both cooking and medicine. Birch trees are some of the most common trees on the planet with small leaves.
Tree Species: Tulip Trees
The tulip tree is not actually related to the flower that shares its name. It’s called so because of its attractive yellow-green flowers. The softwood of the tulip tree is attractive but weak. For this reason, it’s often used for aesthetic purposes rather than construction. When a tulip tree is young, the bark is brown or ashy gray. As the tree matures, the color will darken, however rich and moist soil is necessary for this.
The leaves of a tulip tree are almost rectangular in shape, featuring 4 to 6 lobes which can be up to 15 cm in length. Tulip trees bloom before their leaves grow, meaning once spring rolls around, their large leaves hide their blooming flowers. This distinctive feature makes the tulip tree easy to identify — try focusing on the leaves and the orange-yellow flowers.
Tree Species: Butternut Trees
If you’ve ever seen a tree species with what appears to be small green balls growing among its leaves, then you may be looking at a Juglans Cinerea. The butternut tree is a slow-growing, deciduous tree that’s native to Canada and the United States. It grows in moist soil and has edible nuts that resemble green balls. You can easily identify this type of tree by its light grey bark, which gets rougher in texture with age. This large-leafed tree has no stems — its pointed leaves grow directly from the branch.
Tree Species: Cedar Trees
Cedar trees are large trees from the Pinaceae family that can reach a towering 50 meters. Cedar trees are often used as ornamental trees and also make popular bonsai trees. This kind of tree is also a popular choice of men’s fragrance. In the United States, many of the trees that we refer to as cedar trees, such as the eastern red cedar (found in the Rockies of Colorado), are actually Juniper trees from the family Juniperus. When it comes to tree identification, cedar trees are pretty straightforward as they are one of the few kinds of trees with scaled leaves. In addition, their foliage is either dark green or bluish in color and grows in spiral clusters.
Throughout this article, we’ve identified 12 of the most common types of trees from across the United States and the world. Using this knowledge, you should now be able to accurately identify several of these tree species. Some of the more common tree families we didn’t cover include ash trees, hawthorn, larch, black walnut, hickory, hemlock, dogwood, walnut trees, and other species of the genus Picea. Although they’re beautiful tree species, they’re not as common as the trees that made our list. From butternut trees with green balls to huge weeping willow trees, it is our sincere hope that you enjoy identifying tree species as much as we do.
How to Keep Snakes Away from Your Campsite (Stay Safe!)
Having a phobia of snakes is a common fear among people and some research suggests that it may even be an instinctive fear present at birth. Regardless of the reason, encountering a snake at your campsite is not a pleasant experience and can be intimidating, especially if you’re in an area where snakes are native.
While it’s not always possible to completely avoid snake encounters while camping, there are steps you can take to reduce the chances of an encounter and to be prepared if one does occur.
One important thing to consider when it comes to snake prevention is the choice of campsite.
Where do rattlesnakes like to hide?
Snakes tend to prefer certain types of environments, and if you can avoid camping in these areas, you’ll be less likely to encounter snakes. For example, you should avoid camping next to rock piles or outcrops, as these can provide snakes with plenty of hiding spots.
Similarly, areas with heavy brush or deadfall should also be avoided, as these can also provide snakes with plenty of hiding places. Additionally, it’s a good idea to avoid camping directly next to water sources, as snakes often use these areas to hunt and to travel.
10 Do’s and Dont’s on how to keep rattlesnakes away:
DO stay calm if you encounter a rattlesnake. Rattlesnakes are more likely to bite if they feel threatened, so try to keep your distance and avoid making sudden movements.
DO keep an eye out for rattlesnakes while hiking or camping, especially in areas where they are known to inhabit. Look for warning signs such as a rattle sound, a V-shaped indentation in the ground, or the shed skin of a rattlesnake.
DO wear sturdy boots and long pants while hiking or camping in areas where rattlesnakes are present. This will help protect your feet and legs from a bite.
DO be aware of your surroundings when hiking or camping. Avoid stepping on or near rocks, logs, or other objects that could be hiding places for rattlesnakes.
DON’T try to handle a rattlesnake, even if it seems docile. These snakes are venomous and can be dangerous if not handled properly.
DON’T try to capture or kill a rattlesnake. This can be dangerous and is generally not necessary.
DON’T attempt to play with or tease a rattlesnake. These snakes are not toys and can be very dangerous if provoked.
DON’T leave food or trash out in areas where rattlesnakes are known to inhabit. This can attract rodents, which are a food source for rattlesnakes.
DON’T try to move a rattlesnake out of your way. If you encounter a rattlesnake on a hiking trail or campsite, give it plenty of space and allow it to move on its own.
If you are bitten by a rattlesnake, DON’T try to treat the bite yourself. Seek medical attention immediately, as rattlesnake bites can be serious and require medical treatment.
So, what is the best type of campsite for avoiding snakes?
Generally speaking, an open area with short grass is your best bet. Snakes are secretive creatures and tend to avoid being out in the open, so if you can camp in an area with plenty of open space, you’ll be less likely to encounter them.
It’s also a good idea to choose a campsite that is well-lit at night, as this will make it easier to see any snakes that might be passing through. If your campsite allows it, lighting a fire can also be a good tactic to deter snakes, as well as rodents, which are attractive to snakes as a food source. Just be sure to handle firewood carefully, as it can be a prime hiding spot for snakes.
Another important aspect of snake prevention is food storage. While snakes don’t generally have much interest in human food, they do prey on smaller animals such as mice and birds, which are attracted to food scraps and trash.
How do you keep snakes away?
To prevent attracting snakes to your campsite, it’s important to store food and trash properly. This means sealing trash bags and disposing of them properly, being conscious of dropping crumbs and cleaning utensils thoroughly after use, and storing leftover food in airtight containers away from your tent. If possible, you should also store food in an elevated area, such as a tree branch, to further protect it from rodents. Additionally, it’s a good idea to pack away anything on the floor when you leave the campsite, such as picnic blankets and tarpaulin, as snakes can use these items as hiding places.
Even if you take steps to avoid snakes and prevent attracting them to your campsite, it’s still important to be prepared in case you do encounter one. If you do see a snake, the most important thing to do is to keep your distance and let it pass.
It’s important to remember that most snakes are not aggressive and will only bite as a defense mechanism. If you give them plenty of space and allow them to move on, they’ll likely do so without incident. However, if you do come across a venomous snake, it’s especially important to keep your distance and avoid trying to handle it. If you are bitten by a venomous snake, seek medical attention immediately.
To prepare for the possibility of a snake encounter, it’s a good idea to do regular checks of your tent and gear. Make sure there are no holes in your tent and that all zips are shut, as snakes can sometimes find their way inside through small openings. Additionally, inspect your gear and gear storage areas before use to make
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