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20 Best Places to Camp Within Two Hours of Seattle, WA



Seattle, Washington skyline.

Break out your Swiss Army Knives and Leatherman tools, because it’s time to go camping! The best thing about living in the Pacific Northwest is hands down the abundant surrounding nature. Nowhere else in America has the kind of diversity in climate or animal life. You can climb up to the stop of glacier-plugged volcanoes or hunch over humble tidepools. Eagles and coyotes in the mountains and we get to participate in the majesty of it all. 

The downside to all of that majesty, however, is picking exactly which slice of it to see with your limited free time. 

Don’t worry about combing through the catalogs, we have here the 20 best places for camping without having to stray too far from home. 


The Pacific Northwest is full of dense evergreen forests.


1. Olympic National Park

Olympic National Park is one of the most diverse places in Washington. If you have the opportunity to visit this pristinely protected plot of American park ground, it’s positively paramount you participate.

You can access the coast as well as kayak on famously beautiful Washington lakes and rivers. The shoreline is also host to some excellent tide-pooling. Come find weird starfish and rare sea snails, as long as you follow their outlined tide pool etiquette.



  • Tons of events, camping, and diverse locales
  • Ranger led programs, and year-round activities
  • Freshwater and saltwater access.
  • Some of the best camping in the state



  • Could be overwhelming for newcomers


2. Mount Rainier National Park

This is your chance to face down Mount Rainier. This active volcano is the single most glaciated peak in the lower 48, and it’s worth seeing up close.

Mount Rainier National Park is naturally home to tones of wilderness hiking, exquisite camping, and mountain climbing. This national park is a camper’s delight. You can visit the national park in the warmer or colder months, and you’ll see two totally different sides to the same coin.



  • The most robust camping experience you could ask for
  • No permits required for day hiking
  • Get up close and personal with one of the most famous mountains in the country



  • A permit is required for overnight camping


3. Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest

Mt. Baker National Forest almost has too much to do. Luckily their website is a handy tool that breaks it all down for you. 

There’s bicycling, OHV riding, camping, scenic driving, hunting, winter sports, and water activities, and that only scratches the surface. Their website neatly catalogs all of the park activities, whether they’re open or not, the current weather, and where you can find each of them.

If you know what you’d like to do, but not quite where to go, maybe pick this national forest, and allow your weekend to unfold in front of you. 



  • Neatly organized website points you to all of its activities



  • There’s so much to do, it may be hard to figure out where to begin


4. Deception Pass

Deception Pass’s intimidating name hasn’t scared off visitors. It’s Washington’s most-visited park. 

This park was brought to life by the hands of the Civilian Conservation Corps and still stands to this day. Roosevelt’s army of nature preservationists built something that brings simple pleasures to millions of people every year.

Those efforts manifest now as one of the most beautiful parks in the state, white water kayaking, saltwater boating, access to Rosario Beach, and robust beach exploration.



  • Full of activities on land and sea
  • Stunning landscapes



  • The most popular park in the state, so you’ll be sharing the space with lots of folks


5. Lake Wenatchee State Park

Great for climbing or staying at sea level. Lake Wenatchee offers everything from mountain climbing to stand up paddling.

You can take guided horseback rides or hikes through the highland forest. 

Enjoy winter activities like cross-country skiing, dog sledding or snowmobiling, if you’re not up for scaling your way to the top of a mountain during the cold months. 

Grab a recreational license and do some fishing and shellfish harvesting, or just settle in with a book in your tent, and take it all in.



  • Winter camping comes with heated restrooms
  • The park is open all year
  • Amenities for group gatherings



  • One of the two kitchen shelters are first-come-first-served.
  • Here there be bears


7. North Cascades National Park

The North Cascades National Park is home to the Stehekin Valley. Stehekin means “the way through,” and it brought travelers through Washington and into the Cascade Mountains. 

Today, you can take a boat out on the water and travel that same historic route. Transport yourself to the past and imagine what it must have been like to travel through this beautiful slice of America.

The North Cascades National Park has preserved the spirit of this passageway, and you can still only make the voyage by boat, no roads will cut through to this fascinating page of living history.



  • The trip through the Stehekin is unlike anything else 



  • Keep an eye on your food
  • There’s no cellphone reception, be sure to bring a calling card with you


Mount Ranier, Washington.

Mt. Rainier dominates almost the skyline around Washington’s abundant nature.


8. Seattle Tacoma KOA

Simply the best way to camp along the Green River. The Seattle Tacoma KOA site is easy, well maintained, and fun.

No matter what kind of camper you are, you’ll find something to do in this KOA campsite. There’s a game room full of breakfast in the mornings, wine tastings, community fire pits, and all manner of public gathering spaces. It’s easy to meet new people that love getting out under the sky and relaxing just like you.

You can set up your tent or RV in one of their many sites, and wake up to a hot breakfast served on the campground.



  • Easy camping  helped along by the KOA facility
  • KOA campsite connects to Seattle bike and trail system
  • Access to public transportation



  • No hiking


9. Issaquah Village RV Park

Issaquah Village RV Park is just 15 minutes outside of Seattle.

Once you’ve settled in with your RV and gotten everything hooked up, you can take a short stroll down the path right outside of the RV park to check out downtown Issaquah. 

Make sure the family doesn’t miss the Snoqualmie Falls or the Snoqualmie Pass if you’re staying a few days.

This RV park has everything a family taking a long RV trip may need, including a 24 coin laundry, a playground for the kids, and free WiFi. 



  • Close to Gilman Village and Lake Sammamish State Park
  • Full hookups in all 56 sites
  • Free cable



  • Not much in the way of wilderness


10. Fay Bainbridge Park & Campground

This modest 17-acre seaside camping park is designed to get you in and get you camping.

Despite the size of the campgrounds, you won’t be battling for elbow room. There are only a handful of individual sites here in Fay Bainbridge. You have your selection of 14 tent sites, 26 RV sites with full hookups, or one of three cabins.

Making reservations is simple, and locating the campground is a breeze. Just set down your thing, and dash back outside to bask in the glory of Puget Sound.



  • Small campsite you won’t have to battle for space in



  • Water level in the winter may shut down the restrooms


11. Joemma Beach State Park

If you catch Joemma Beach State Park from above, you might think you’re looking at a labyrinth. Don’t let that aerial view scare you away, though. Once you’re in the thick of it on the ground, the landscape reveals its secrets.

This is a park that’s meant to be explored on foot. The paths wind through a modest 100 acres, and you’ll want to comb through every single inch of it. 

If your wanderlust can’t be quenched by searching on foot, then bringing a watercraft and using the on-site boat launch will continue the adventure. 



  • Great for exploring the beach, the hiking trails, and the water
  • Intimate birdwatching and wildlife viewing



  • If you’re not up for an adventure, this is not the park for you


12. Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest

Are you looking for a place to get your winter activities in? Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest has winter sports in spades. You can take on everything from mushing to tubing down the side of a hill.

With over four million acres of forest and water sprawled out over the eastern slopes of the Cascade range, there’s bound to be something for you and your crew in this beautiful national park. 

If you’re not on the lookout for a specific distraction, you can take part in the plethora of events the forest-park will put on. You can volunteer to help clean-up the mines and directly contribute to restoring Washington landscapes, or you can come through just to celebrate the diversity of the wildflowers dappling the forest. 



  • A massive swath of forest full of any kind of recreation imaginable
  • Constantly has an event of some kind in progress



  • If you’re caught out in the forest when the restrooms close, you’ll have to do your dark business in the woods/.


13. Verlot Campground

Verlot Campground is surrounded by an old-growth forest. The undisturbed ecosystem is a snapshot into an alternate Earth. 

The Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest is a chance to really get yourself knee-deep in the nature you’ve been separated from for so long. There are several salmon species that make their temporary homes in the tributaries here in the shadow of the active ice-capped volcano.



  • Home to a unique ecosystem due to the complex nature of old-growth forests
  • View of Mt. Baker
  • Easy access to a variety of fishing



  • You’ve got to be vigilant about your firewood usage to avoid introducing invasive species


14. Tinkham

At first brush, Tinkham’s campsite seems like it might not offer much, but the simplicity is one of its hidden amenities. 

You come to Tinkham for quiet hiking on the multiple trails and the half-mile Tinkham Discovery Trail. You come to Tinkham for peaceful and diverse fishing. You come to Tinkham to see how many different species of bird, fish, and mammal you can spot in the quiet.

Children love poking around the campgrounds for interesting insects, and fantastic flower and fungi. 



  • ADA accessible campsites
  • Awe-inspiring views of Mt. Baker on clear days
  • Diverse ecosystem
  • Access to drinking water



  • No electrical hookups
  • No flushing toilets


Mt. Baker, Washington.

Get a view of Mt. Baker without dealing with the knee-deep snow.


14. Camano Island State Park

Cradled gingerly in the arms of Whidbey Island, is Camano Island and its state park. This island state park is home to a short breezy hike, birdwatching, and beautiful views of the Puget Sound. 

There are also opportunities for boating, crabbing, and saltwater fishing. Once you’re all seaside-ed out, you can settle into your campsite with your tent or RV, and cook up your catches.



  • Interpretive hiking, and lots of island saltwater activities
  • Cabins and tents to choose from
  • Beautiful community-supported park



  • Some campsites may close in the winter
  • No sandy shorelines here


15. Lake Sammamish State Park

Lake Sammamish State Park means beach day! 

You don’t have to stray far from Seattle to get here, and you don’t have to bring a boat to get out on the lake. There are two lakefront beaches to choose from once you get here, and if you’re lucky, you might catch a glimpse at a bald eagle while you work on your sandy beach vibes.

 If your group is less aquatic, there’s ample geocaching, hiking, and room for biking, and community events hosting by the state park.



  • Dogs are welcome in the park
  • Plenty to do, and close to home


  • Dogs aren’t allowed on the swim beaches


16. Fairholme Campground

The glaciers of the past methodically carved out this idyllic lake. Following the slow brutal work of the glaciers, a landslide ambled down the mountains and totally isolated Lake Crescent. Today, that means one of the most beautiful lakes in Washington, and a first-hand look at natural selection if you catch one of the Crescenti trout and compare them to their cousins on the other end of the landslide.



  • A breathtaking lake that’s sure to give you a new appreciation of the world’s natural processes.
  • The choice between primitive camping and cabin resorts. 



  • Not much to do other than relax by the lake


17. Larrabee State Park

Larrabee State Park is home to some unique trainspotting vantage points. You’ll have up to 16 opportunities each day to catch Amtrak or the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad.

Once you’re done snapping pictures of the trains, take a stroll down to the main attraction, the shoreline. The cliff sides and tidepools make for some choice spots to seek solitude.

Before you tuck yourself into your tent, you may want to wind yourself down by biking through some of the forest trails.



  • Kids will get a kick out of the trains
  • Over a mile of saltwater shoreline


  • Trains come through at night


18. Ohanapecosh Campground

You’ll find this campground on the southeastern side of Mount Rainier National Park. This campground is a great spot to focus on the mountain. It is the focal point of the skyline here, and most visitors to this area will want to make a beeline straight towards it. 

Bring some food and your awe, and Ohanapecosh Campground will give you an unforgettable weekend.  



  • Pure and simple camping
  • Close to the majesty of Mount Rainier



  • No electrical hookups
  • Not much in the way of recreation
  • Bears are known to roam around here 


19. Orcas Island

If you take the trip out the Orcas Island, you’ll be treated to any kind of camping you can imagine. If you’re looking to really get into it, you can take the primitive camping approach. There are tent cabins, tent camping, and RV sites. 

Orcas Island is flexible and scenic. If you’re looking to do some whale watching on Orca Island rather than on the San Juan Islands, you’re in luck. If you want to make it out to the San Juans, you’re also in luck.



  • An island camping experience away from the mainland gives you the chance to slow your roll
  • You’re not sacrificing any camping quality by making your way out to the island



  • You’ll have to take the ferry to get out to Orcas Island
  • Despite its name, Orcas aren’t as common here as you would imagine


20. Mora Campground

Just two miles away from Rialto Beach, Mora Campground is a quiet retreat with all you need to have a peaceful time away from the buzz of your daily life.

There are 94 campsites with easy access to potable water and flush toilets. Each campsite has a fire ring for easy cooking, or just to have the comfort of a nice fire nearby, and a picnic table. You’ll be keeping it lo-fi out here because there aren’t any electrical hookups to distract you from the tranquility. Set up camp and take a short walk to the beach, or if you’d like to do some tide pooling, take a slightly shorter walk to Hole-in-the-Wall. 



  • Highly ADA accessible.
  • Close to the beach while remaining tucked in the woods



  • Tidepools aren’t always accessible
  • Dumpsite fee is not included in park access fee


Final Verdict:

The Olympic National Park is an absolute no-brainer. The park is practically dripping with outdoor activities. Any camper would have a blast here. There’s day hiking, backpacking, boating, and night sky viewing worth driving all the way across the country for. If you can make it out to Olympic National Park and you’re on the fence, just pack up your stuff and head straight there without another thought. And if you want to turn your camping experience up a notch, check out our selection of the best canvas tents for camping in the Pacific Northwest!


Bonus tip: Bone up on some primo solo-camping tips and learn more with this awesome video!



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How The Annual REI Dividend Works



rei annual dividend explained

What is the REI Dividend?

The dividend is a sum of money that is awarded back to REI co-op members every year. The amount of money is based on two primary factors: a percentage of all eligible purchases made by a member and any rewards they accrued on their REI Mastercard during the previous year. You can think of it a bit like a tax return and purchasing points on your credit card — only instead of frustrating points, it’s just money. You can also get any unused amount of the previous year’s dividend added onto the next one, but this isn’t always the case.

REI is short for Recreational Equipment Incorporated, an American company that offers outdoor gear, as well as courses and vacation options.

If you aren’t familiar with their brand, they are known for having high quality and ranked highly in the review of the top tent brands on the market.

What sets it apart from other outdoor retailing competitors is that it follows the co-op business model. That means they offer a wide range of perks to their members, one of the most unique of which is their annual dividend. Since this is such an unusual benefit to the company, understanding the ins and outs can be difficult. So, here are some answers to many of the FAQs people have when talking about the REI annual dividend program.


REI, also know as Recreation Equipment International, is well-know for its outdoor supplies.

How do you earn the dividend?

First of all, only REI co-op memberships can earn a dividend. The good news is that being a member of the REI co-op is both inexpensive and easy. To become an REI member, all you have to do is go here and sign up for a lifetime membership. The upfront, one-time membership fee is only 20$, and there isn’t even an annual fee to keep your membership. However, only members that are considered active receive a dividend notice.

To be an active member of REI, all you have to do is spend at least 10$ merchandise in a year, unless it is the year that you first sign up. If you ever lose active status, getting it back is as easy as to resume making REI purchases.

REI Members earn toward their annual dividend by making eligible purchases. Almost any merchandise you buy directly through REI is considered eligible as long as you are purchasing full-price items. This includes the physical REI stores or through One notable exception is that gift cards do not count toward your REI dividend. However, when you use a gift card to make purchases, that can be considered eligible as long as it otherwise would be.

The percentage that goes back into your dividend varies depending on how well the company did financially the previous year, but it tends to be around 10%. The calculation is made based on the product price alone, so sales tax and any other fees such as postage are not counted.

Unfortunately, none of REI’s experience purchases are considered eligible. This means that classes, special events, and the popular REI Adventures don’t get counted into your annual dividend. Service charges don’t count either, so rentals and labor fees are not factored into the dividend. The initial membership fee also is not eligible.

Any returns you make are removed from your dividend amount in the final calculation, and if it has already been calculated, then the dividend amount counts against the return amount you would receive. 

You can also receive a retroactive addition to your dividend based on eligible purchases you made at other retailers on REI merchandise, as long as it was in the same year. For example, if you bought backpacking equipment from Amazon that was the REI brand, then you can get that counted. You’ll just need to have your receipt handy to answer some information about the purchase. You cannot get retroactive additions to your annual dividend if the purchase was made before you became an REI member, though.

There is a slight workaround with the discounted merchandise, though. Members can receive an REI co-op Mastercard. As mentioned earlier, this has a built-in rewards system. One such reward is that when you use the REI credit card to purchase sale items, then you receive a 5% kickback into your dividend. It’s a much lower percentage than what you would expect to receive from a normal eligible purchase. However, savvy shoppers will be able to notice when the reduced pricing and smaller kickback turns out to be a better long-term value. 


When would I receive my REI dividend?

If you’re an REI member and have a balance, you’ll receive a dividend notice in March of the next year. All purchases you make from January 1st to December 31st are considered part of the same annual sum and will be available until January of two years later. So, if you made purchases throughout 2020, you’ll be able to use your dividend from them starting March 2021, and you’ll have the money available to you until you either spend it all or until the first day of 2023. This, however, is only the case if you don’t accrue any more dividends. Assuming you constantly make enough eligible purchases and spend roughly however much you earn from the program each year, your dividend balance should never expire.


Buying equipment from REI with an REI Mastercard is a great way to earn points towards your dividend.


So what can I do with the dividend?

This question is best answered with another question: “How do you want to spend your money?” For anyone who has ever been frustrated with trying to redeem credit card points or dealing with the restrictions of store credit, you are going to be blown away by the range of options REI gives you when it comes to your member dividend.


Use the dividend as store credit

The most basic option available to you is to use your dividend like store credit. If you can find it on the REI website, then you can buy it with your store credit. If your dividend balance doesn’t completely cover the total price of your purchases at checkout, don’t worry. It will still get deducted from the price and you’ll only have to pay for whatever is leftover.

If you’re near one of their physical REI stores, then you’ll be able to use your dividend to directly buy available outlet items from their stores. Your dividend works at every REI store location, so you won’t have to worry about not being able to access it if you’re shopping far from home. Just be sure to have your co-op member number ready. 

Even though buying them doesn’t sound toward your dividend, you can put your earnings on it toward booking an REI Adventure. If you’re a hardcore outdoors enthusiast, then you might be able to generate enough of a dividend to book a trip to a national park at no out-of-pocket expense.

If you aren’t quite that adventurous but still would like a fun experience, then look at spending your dividend on one of the many REI classes. There is something to learn for everyone. From riding a bike to navigating the backcountry, the basics of rock climbing to dozens of stewardship opportunities,  it’d be hard not to spend part of your dividend on enriching yourself with the REI classes.

You can also download the REI mobile apps. These make it even easier to shop with REI in general, but they can streamline the process of using your dividend in the online store.


Receive the dividend as a check

If you’d rather take the money that REI has awarded to you elsewhere, then you can request to have your dividend amount in the form of a check.

There are a couple of ways to go about getting the check. The most direct way is to go to a physical REI outlet once you have received a notice of a dividend balance. If you are not anywhere near an REI store, don’t worry. You can have your check mailed to you directly by filling out their request form. Once you have the form filled out, REI will have that information in their database and can mail you the check every year without any extra work from you, should you want that

The check can only be issued to the name of the primary membership cardholder. REI does not send out checks if your annual dividend does not exceed 25$, and they do not send out a check for the REI Mastercard holder reward amount that does not exceed 1$. You can request the check whenever is convenient, but they do not begin mailing them out until July 1st. 

You don’t have to receive the whole dividend as a check. You can go ahead and spend part of it as store credit on the online store. Then, whatever amount that is leftover, you can have it sent as a check. As long as all the other requirements have been met, of course. Also, if you attempt to use any of your dividend between the time of the check being sent out and you receiving the check, then it could result in either the check being void, or you being unable to use your dividend funds at all.

If for some reason you don’t want to use the online check request form, you can also make the request over the phone or by contacting them by mail.


You can get your REI dividend in cash or in purchase credits.


Get the dividend in cash

No, that’s not a joke, and there aren’t any strings attached. You can receive your annual REI dividend, in full, as cash. There are a few hoops you have to jump through, but none of them are fine print details that are going to keep you from turning your dividend sum into cash and doing whatever you want with it.

First of all, you can’t convert your dividend into cash after July 1st of the year after you earned the dividend. This is similar to the check option. Unlike the check, there is a cut-off point at the beginning of the next calendar year, so if you wait too long then your dividend can’t be turned into cash.

This option can only be done through a physical REI store, so if you don’t live near one then you will probably have to settle for the check option. If you plan on going to a store to get your dividend as cash, it would be a good idea to call them ahead of time and try to make an arrangement. REI stores only have so much free cash on hand. 

If you don’t call ahead, you might run into a situation where the store does not have enough cash to equal the dividend balance you should receive. In these cases, co-op members are given the option to receive the check. For some, that is a fine alternative, but people dead-set on getting cash should be aware of this.

One other thing to note is that the cash option is based on a specific year’s balance. This means, like the check option, if you spend any of your dividend funds as credit first, that would result in you receiving less cash in the end. Also, unlike the store credit option, you can’t compound years together. Since the years have cutoff dates that line up to where there is never an overlapping period between them, you’ll only be able to get your cash balance one year at a time, rather than building it across up to 3 years.


Can I check my dividend balance?

Yes! At any point, you can go to, and enter the name on your membership card along with your member number, and they will be able to tell you the dividend balance. This is not updated in real-time, so if you have been roughly keeping track and the amount looks odd when you check it, don’t worry. Most likely, it is just in the middle of being exactly calculated by members of the REI team.


Is the annual dividend the only benefit of Coop Membership?

Not at all! You’ve already read a bit about the REI Coop Mastercard and its reward system. You get 5% back with any REI purchases, 2% back through mobile transactions, and 1% everywhere else. This is all factored into your annual dividend along with all the usual 10% kickback from buying normal priced items. This means that anything you use the card on, even bills and groceries, is factored into your dividend.

Members get access to special pricing on certain items through REI. These are usually on things like classes and tours, as well as rentals on any outdoor equipment. This can be frustrating since the specially priced experiences aren’t dividend eligible purchases. Though, with dividend earnings and special pricing, it is easy to earn enough to pick up enough to pay for a class or two. 

Members-only events are probably the second-best part of being a member after the dividend. Some of the most popular of these events are new member-exclusive hiking trips or member gatherings to try out local brews. Without a doubt, Garage Sales are the star of members-only events.

The REI Garage Sales are hosted at REI outlet stores every so often. The merchandise of the Sales is made up of returns and other used goods, and come at a heavily discounted price. The products are as-is, and cannot be accepted for returns as of their return policy. Since the merchandise is on a case-by-case basis with the outlets, REI cannot guarantee specific inventory. All Garage Sales operate on a first-come, first-serve basis. Garage Sale purchases cannot be put toward your annual dividend unless they are purchased with the members’ Mastercard. Though, the products are usually so aggressively marked down that it usually makes up for it. Plus, the Garage Sale merchandise is evaluated beforehand to assure that there are no major issues with it, so you don’t have to worry about the quality with the low prices.


Final Verdict:

The annual dividend is a unique benefit of being a member of REI’s coop. It saves the frustration associated with other rewards programs by just allowing the members to claim a monetary incentive. It is both pleasantly simple, offers multiple options to use your dividend as you see fit, and a great tool for people that love to maximize value in their shopping.

There are some ins and outs with the membership program to remember how to get the most out of the dividend. Though, remembering these details is more of a bonus than a requirement to earn on the dividend properly, unlike other rewards programs. On top of all that, you get several more awesome benefits for a single 20$ purchase. 


Bonus tip: Here’s a video from REI talking about the essential items for backpacking, which are available on their website: 


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Outdoor Blog

Learn How To Identify 12 Types Of Trees



Tree species are such a common form of plant life that they often go unnoticed in our daily lives. Generally speaking, as they don’t have finite lifespans, trees live much longer than other plant life. Some tree species can even live for thousands of years. Trees are no stranger to our planet — they have been around for nearly 370 years. Currently, planet Earth is home to more than 60,000 types of trees that play a vital role in the life we know and enjoy.

One of the first things children learn about in school is how common trees supply us with the oxygen we need to breathe. Our survival depends on plant life around the world continuing to thrive, including underwater vegetation, grasslands, and the approximate 3 trillion types of trees which currently grow on our planet. Learning how to identify tree species can be an important skill, similar to knowing how to start a campfire when it comes to outdoor survival. 

Throughout this article, we’re going to clarify and define what exactly a tree is and introduce you to the different categories that common trees fall under. We’ll also take a closer look at the most common types of trees that you’ll most likely come across, and explain how you can identify them correctly. Different types of trees have different types of leaves and bark that are characteristics of certain tree species. If you can spot the differences, then you’re a step closer in your quest of becoming a tree identification master. Now, let’s begin by differentiating between the two primary types of trees: deciduous trees and evergreen trees.

Related: The 10 best outdoor antenna’s for camping and rural areas

A field with a tree sunset.

All trees are either deciduous trees or evergreen trees.

What defines a common tree? 

In botany (the study of plants), trees are defined as perennial plants with an elongated trunk or stem which supports leaves and branches(Perennial plants live for multiple years, as opposed to annual plants which have a life-cycle of only one season.) However, this is a slightly limited definition, as the term “tree” can be extended to include any woody plant with branches and a trunk that grows significantly taller than the plants around it. 

Tree branches are supported by a large and strong trunk, which extends underground. Beneath, the trunk extends into widely-spread roots which collect nutrients and moisture and provide support to the tree species above ground. The branches which extend from the top of the trunk divide into smaller shoots, which spread to produce leaves. Leaves collect sunlight, converting it into energy via photosynthesis, in order to feed and grow. 

The trunk of a common tree is the strongest part, made from a woody tissue that supports the weight of the canopy. Tree trunks also contain vascular tissue, which carries nutrients from one part of the plant to another. Most types of trees also have a layer of bark around the trunk that acts as a protective shield. Although these are the general characteristics that fit every type of tree, tree species vary. 

There are two primary categorizations that all tree species fit into. The difference between these two categories is the first thing you need to spot in order to properly identify common trees. Most people already recognize the distinction between these different types of trees, but we’ll still go into detail about how you can identify them. Read on to discover which types of trees lose their leaves, and which tree species remain green all year round.

Deciduous Trees Vs. Coniferous Trees

Every single one of the thousands of tree species found on our planet fits into one of these two categories: coniferous trees (evergreen trees) or deciduous trees. Deciduous trees lose their broad leaves at a specific time of the year, typically fall or autumn. The word ‘deciduous’ literally means “to fall off at maturity”. As such, the leaves of these trees have an annual life cycle. In the spring, new leaves grow and quickly mature into broad leaves, green in color. Over time, they slowly change color leading to the wonderful fall color palette we all recognize and love, before falling to the moist soil. 

This is the case with the most common trees in North America, Europe, and other countries with a mild climate. In hotter tropical countries, deciduous trees lose their greenery during the dry season. Once the leaves have fallen, these trees remain bare wood skeletons until new leaf shoots begin to grow in the spring. Most deciduous trees are broadleaf, with wide, flat, green leaves. 

Coniferous trees, otherwise known as evergreen trees, keep their leaves all year round. No matter the season, evergreen trees are unchanging in appearance. This type of tree often has needle-shaped leaves, which withstand the cold temperatures better than more delicate broadleaf types of trees. Evergreen tree landscapes are especially stunning in the winter months when all other plant life looks dead. 

deciduous vs coniferous trees

Tree Identification: Basic Leaf Types

There are three different types of leaves that evergreen trees and deciduous trees can have. Broadleaves is a wide term that encompasses leaves of all shapes and sizes — so long as they are flat. Almost all deciduous trees have broad leaves: they can be oval, round, heart-shaped, and much more. The maple leaf of the red maple tree is an iconic shape that we all know. The term ‘Broadleaves’ encompasses much more than just common tree species, it also includes a huge range of different plant life. 

Most people will recognize common tree needles thanks to Christmas trees — many evergreen trees feature this shape. Common tree needles are long and thin and typically grow together in clusters or sparsely depending on the tree species. Evergreen trees lose their needles over time, however, this process doesn’t happen all at once as is usually the case with deciduous trees. Instead, the needles are lost and replaced gradually; similar to how humans lose hair. The third category of leaves that some coniferous trees exhibit is scale-like leaves. We see these on common trees such as Juniper trees and cedar trees, where the needles resemble the scales of a reptile.

A maple leaf in the rain.

The distinctive shape of the maple leaf makes this red maple tree easy to identify. 

12 Common Types of Trees and How To Identify Them 

Tree Species: Maple Trees

Maple trees are a common tree species found across Europe, North America, and Asia. They belong to the genus Acer family and are commonly associated with Canada — just look at the maple leaf on the Canadian flag. There are more than one hundred species of maple trees, the most common in Europe being the sycamore maple tree. Red maple, sugar maple, and silver maple are also common tree species you’ll commonly see in the countryside. Japanese maple trees are a common choice for bonsai where a small tree is groomed and maintained to resemble a miniature replica. 

Maple trees are famous for the sweet syrup made from their sap, which is a big reason why maple trees are often farmed in North America. Maple trees are a hardwood tree species. Its timber is often used to make baseball bats and musical instruments. The easiest way to identify a maple tree is by its distinct leaf shape, which is the same across all maple tree species. Maple trees can be small trees, reaching only 10 meters in height, or large trees more than 40 meters tall.

maple tree

Tree Species: Oak Trees

Oak trees are one of the most common tree families across the world; their wood is very hard and durable and resistant to most diseases. Oak trees come from the genus Quercus of which there are over 90 different species in the United States alone. They have been one of the most prized trees for building material for centuries, and are used in all kinds of industries, including musical instrument production. As there are more than 300 known oak tree species globally, when it comes to tree identification, it helps to break them down into further categories. 

White oaks feature round broad leaves and produce sweet acorns that take a year to mature. Black (or red) oak trees have bristles on their leaves and produce bitter-tasting acorns. The acorns from a red oak take two years to mature and are referred to as biennial oak trees. By identifying the maturity of the acorns on an oak tree, you can tell which type of oak tree it is. Most oak tree species are deciduous tree species, however, there are a handful of evergreen oak trees. The easiest way to identify an oak tree is by its acorns — all oak trees carry this fruit. The leaves of oak trees are lobed, with either rounded or pointed tips.

Oak Trees

Tree Species: Sycamore Trees

Try not to get the sycamore maple confused with true sycamore trees — they’re only related by name. The sycamore is a large hardwood tree in the genus Platanus and is a deciduous tree species by nature. The wood from these trees is incredibly hard and dense, and therefore it’s not commonly used as a building material. Sycamores can grow up to 40 meters and are one of the easiest types of trees to identify when it comes to tree identification.  

You can spot a sycamore tree by examining its bark. Don’t be misled by its leaves, which look similar to a maple leaf tree species. Instead, look at the color of the trunk. True sycamore trees have flaky bark which gives the trunk a red and brown multi-colored appearance, often featuring patches of white and grey. The Sycamore is a broadleaf tree species. You can identify them by their leaves which have three to five lobes with toothed edges.

A sycamore tree.

Sycamore trees are very large trees, with hard, dense wood. 

Tree Species: Pine Trees

Pine trees are another common tree found all around the world. This evergreen tree family of the genus Pinus is probably the most easily recognizable coniferous tree species in the world. The pine tree is a common ornamental tree with softwood. Pine tree leaves consist of clusters of green needles. This tree species is also easily identifiable by its hard cones, often referred to as pine cones. White pine and red pine are two common trees of this tree species and can be found throughout Canada, the United States (North America in general), and Europe. 

Pine trees are amongst the easiest tree species when it comes to tree identification. Pine trees are generally large trees that stand straight with needles that are mostly concentrated towards the top. Some species of pine trees can even grow up to 81 meters tall — they do it quickly, too. As pine trees grow into large trees so quickly, they’re incredibly useful when it comes to construction and furniture production. The softwood of the pine tree is easy to work with and features an attractive grain.

pine tree

Tree Species: Fir Trees

Fir trees, such as the balsam fir, Fraser fir, and noble fir, are all popular festive choices. This evergreen tree family is of the genus Abies and contains approximately 50 different species of tree. Fir trees are closely related to the genus Cedrus, or cedar trees. Fir trees have a much denser needle distribution than pine trees, giving them a fuller and greener appearance. 

Fir needles are soft and flat and tend to have two white stripes at the bottom of each needle. As they grow, fir tree cones tend to be green, purple, or blue and turn a golden brown as the tree matures. You can easily spot a fir tree as its cones grow upwards, whereas other coniferous trees have downward-pointing cones.

fir tree

Tree Species: Elm Trees

Elm trees are a common tree found mostly in forests and can be classed as either deciduous or semi-deciduous. There are about 35 different types of tree species within the Ulmus genus, including the American elm and the European elm. Elm trees are another ornamental tree species that are not generally appreciated for their wood or fruit. Elms are hardwood trees and therefore difficult to work with as a building material. 

You can identify an elm tree by its leaves, which are technically classed as broadleaf. There is quite a range of different leaves that grow on elm tree species, but they all have the same pointed oval shape. Elm tree leaves range between 7 and 16 cm long. Unfortunately, a pandemic of Dutch Elm tree disease wiped many elm trees from our streets and forests. However, conservation efforts are well on their way and the American Elm tree species is in revival.


elm tree

Tree Species: Willow Trees

Willow trees have some of the most distinctive shapes out of any tree in the world; their long drooping branches have a dramatic and striking appearance. There are approximately 400 species of willow trees and they are all deciduous trees. Willow trees can be small tree-like shrubs or grow to be medium-height. Willow tree leaves are always elongated ovals, but their color varies between species. Black willow trees feature dark, furrowed bark. 

Willow tree leaves can be green, yellow, or blue in hue, making these breathtaking trees even more beautiful. The wood from willow trees can be used to make wicker baskets and similar items, due to their long, soft, and flexible branches. Willow trees are arguably the easiest tree species to identify, as no other type of tree has anything comparable to its low sweeping branches. When temperatures drop in the fall, willow trees are among the last to lose their leaves.

Willow trees.

Willow trees are easy to identify from their long, drooping branches. 

Tree Species: Magnolia Trees

When people choose a tree to plant in their garden, Magnolias are an obvious choice. The Magnolia family contains both deciduous trees and evergreen types of trees, which can grow in a huge range of environments. These trees produce large fragrant flowers and cones of fruit that look like berries. In terms of tree identification, all types of the Magnolia tree are broadleaf. 

Magnolias are medium-sized trees, they grow fast and have softwood. As there’s quite a large variation in leaf size and shape in magnolias, the easiest way to identify this tree species is by the fruit. As their cone-shaped seed pods are unique in comparison to other types of trees, if you can spot these, you’ll know if your tree is a part of the magnolia family.

Magnolia Tree

Tree Species: Birch Trees

Birch trees, of the genus Betula, are a type of tree family containing about 60 species of hardwood trees. Often, the wood from birch trees is used as firewood or for making furniture. Birch tree bark is papery, often white or silver in color, and is its most identifiable feature. The branches of birch trees are long, and droop slightly, holding small, thin, triangular leaves. Oil extracted from birch trees can be used in both cooking and medicine. Birch trees are some of the most common trees on the planet with small leaves.

Birch Trees

Tree Species: Tulip Trees

The tulip tree is not actually related to the flower that shares its name. It’s called so because of its attractive yellow-green flowers. The softwood of the tulip tree is attractive but weak. For this reason, it’s often used for aesthetic purposes rather than construction. When a tulip tree is young, the bark is brown or ashy gray. As the tree matures, the color will darken, however rich and moist soil is necessary for this. 

The leaves of a tulip tree are almost rectangular in shape, featuring 4 to 6 lobes which can be up to 15 cm in length. Tulip trees bloom before their leaves grow, meaning once spring rolls around, their large leaves hide their blooming flowers. This distinctive feature makes the tulip tree easy to identify — try focusing on the leaves and the orange-yellow flowers.

Tulip Tree

Tree Species: Butternut Trees

If you’ve ever seen a tree species with what appears to be small green balls growing among its leaves, then you may be looking at a Juglans Cinerea. The butternut tree is a slow-growing,  deciduous tree that’s native to Canada and the United States. It grows in moist soil and has edible nuts that resemble green balls. You can easily identify this type of tree by its light grey bark, which gets rougher in texture with age. This large-leafed tree has no stems — its pointed leaves grow directly from the branch.

Butternut Tree

Tree Species: Cedar Trees 

Cedar trees are large trees from the Pinaceae family that can reach a towering 50 meters. Cedar trees are often used as ornamental trees and also make popular bonsai trees. This kind of tree is also a popular choice of men’s fragrance. In the United States, many of the trees that we refer to as cedar trees, such as the eastern red cedar (found in the Rockies of Colorado), are actually Juniper trees from the family Juniperus. When it comes to tree identification, cedar trees are pretty straightforward as they are one of the few kinds of trees with scaled leaves. In addition, their foliage is either dark green or bluish in color and grows in spiral clusters.

Cedar forest trees at night.

Cedar tree forests are some of the most beautiful natural spaces in the United States. 

Final Verdict

Throughout this article, we’ve identified 12 of the most common types of trees from across the United States and the world. Using this knowledge, you should now be able to accurately identify several of these tree species. Some of the more common tree families we didn’t cover include ash trees, hawthorn, larch, black walnut, hickory, hemlock, dogwood, walnut trees, and other species of the genus Picea. Although they’re beautiful tree species, they’re not as common as the trees that made our list. From butternut trees with green balls to huge weeping willow trees, it is our sincere hope that you enjoy identifying tree species as much as we do.


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Outdoor Blog

How to Keep Snakes Away from Your Campsite (Stay Safe!)



Having a phobia of snakes is a common fear among people and some research suggests that it may even be an instinctive fear present at birth. Regardless of the reason, encountering a snake at your campsite is not a pleasant experience and can be intimidating, especially if you’re in an area where snakes are native.

While it’s not always possible to completely avoid snake encounters while camping, there are steps you can take to reduce the chances of an encounter and to be prepared if one does occur.

One important thing to consider when it comes to snake prevention is the choice of campsite.

Where do rattlesnakes like to hide?

Snakes tend to prefer certain types of environments, and if you can avoid camping in these areas, you’ll be less likely to encounter snakes. For example, you should avoid camping next to rock piles or outcrops, as these can provide snakes with plenty of hiding spots.

Similarly, areas with heavy brush or deadfall should also be avoided, as these can also provide snakes with plenty of hiding places. Additionally, it’s a good idea to avoid camping directly next to water sources, as snakes often use these areas to hunt and to travel.


10 Do’s and Dont’s on how to keep rattlesnakes away:

  1. DO stay calm if you encounter a rattlesnake. Rattlesnakes are more likely to bite if they feel threatened, so try to keep your distance and avoid making sudden movements.

  2. DO keep an eye out for rattlesnakes while hiking or camping, especially in areas where they are known to inhabit. Look for warning signs such as a rattle sound, a V-shaped indentation in the ground, or the shed skin of a rattlesnake.

  3. DO wear sturdy boots and long pants while hiking or camping in areas where rattlesnakes are present. This will help protect your feet and legs from a bite.

  4. DO be aware of your surroundings when hiking or camping. Avoid stepping on or near rocks, logs, or other objects that could be hiding places for rattlesnakes.

  5. DON’T try to handle a rattlesnake, even if it seems docile. These snakes are venomous and can be dangerous if not handled properly.

  6. DON’T try to capture or kill a rattlesnake. This can be dangerous and is generally not necessary.

  7. DON’T attempt to play with or tease a rattlesnake. These snakes are not toys and can be very dangerous if provoked.

  8. DON’T leave food or trash out in areas where rattlesnakes are known to inhabit. This can attract rodents, which are a food source for rattlesnakes.

  9. DON’T try to move a rattlesnake out of your way. If you encounter a rattlesnake on a hiking trail or campsite, give it plenty of space and allow it to move on its own.

  10. If you are bitten by a rattlesnake, DON’T try to treat the bite yourself. Seek medical attention immediately, as rattlesnake bites can be serious and require medical treatment.



So, what is the best type of campsite for avoiding snakes?

Generally speaking, an open area with short grass is your best bet. Snakes are secretive creatures and tend to avoid being out in the open, so if you can camp in an area with plenty of open space, you’ll be less likely to encounter them.

It’s also a good idea to choose a campsite that is well-lit at night, as this will make it easier to see any snakes that might be passing through. If your campsite allows it, lighting a fire can also be a good tactic to deter snakes, as well as rodents, which are attractive to snakes as a food source. Just be sure to handle firewood carefully, as it can be a prime hiding spot for snakes.

Another important aspect of snake prevention is food storage. While snakes don’t generally have much interest in human food, they do prey on smaller animals such as mice and birds, which are attracted to food scraps and trash.

How do you keep snakes away?

To prevent attracting snakes to your campsite, it’s important to store food and trash properly. This means sealing trash bags and disposing of them properly, being conscious of dropping crumbs and cleaning utensils thoroughly after use, and storing leftover food in airtight containers away from your tent. If possible, you should also store food in an elevated area, such as a tree branch, to further protect it from rodents. Additionally, it’s a good idea to pack away anything on the floor when you leave the campsite, such as picnic blankets and tarpaulin, as snakes can use these items as hiding places.

Even if you take steps to avoid snakes and prevent attracting them to your campsite, it’s still important to be prepared in case you do encounter one. If you do see a snake, the most important thing to do is to keep your distance and let it pass.


It’s important to remember that most snakes are not aggressive and will only bite as a defense mechanism. If you give them plenty of space and allow them to move on, they’ll likely do so without incident. However, if you do come across a venomous snake, it’s especially important to keep your distance and avoid trying to handle it. If you are bitten by a venomous snake, seek medical attention immediately.

To prepare for the possibility of a snake encounter, it’s a good idea to do regular checks of your tent and gear. Make sure there are no holes in your tent and that all zips are shut, as snakes can sometimes find their way inside through small openings. Additionally, inspect your gear and gear storage areas before use to make

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